Red-Color News Soldier

The only known existing photographic documentation of the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

Photographs and text by Li Zhensheng, with an introduction by Jonathan Spence


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  • Only known existing photographic documentation of the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–76)
  • Controversial visual record of an infamous, misunderstood period of modern history that has been largely hidden from the public eye, both within China and abroad
  • Exceptional story of one photojournalist, Li Zhensheng (b.1940), who took and concealed for decades, at great personal risk, thousands of pictures
  • Written narrative by the photographer himself, who was granted unusual access, providing both a historical and personal context
  • Introduction by Jonathan Spence, Yale professor and pre-eminent scholar of Chinese history

In The Press
'This collection of photos, taken by Li in the north-eastern province of Heilongjiang, where he worked for the official Communist party newspaper, is unique for a simple reason. Although the post-Mao Chinese government has labelled the cultural revolution "10 years of chaos", it still tries to suppress any real inquiry into the countless human tragedies it caused ... This remarkable book, which still cannot be published on the mainland, is a salutary reminder that, in the Chinese phrase, accounts have yet to be settled with the past.' (Guardian)

'An illuminating and unique photographic collection.' (Times Higher Education Supplement)

'Fascinating ... An excellent book.' (Amateur Photographer)

'Every shot is a harrowing legacy of the brutality, cruelty, and naivety of those times, when Mao and his followers sought to destroy all traces of the past.' (The Glasgow Herald)

'...An extraordinary picture of one of the most bizarre, complex and catastrophic episodes in China's history." (New Statesman)

'Li's photographs are remarkable for their dramatic impact, but are also composed with utmost precision.' (Financial Times)

'The interweaving of autobiography, images with a strong narrative structure and an illuminating tranche of contextual writing is what makes this book so revealing and so engaging.' (Morning Star)

'What distinguishes Mr. Li's collection of 30,000 negatives is that it shows in shocking detail what was happening at a grass-roots level in a remote Chinese province far from western eyes. His work also reflects the instincts of a journalist and the eye of an artist.' (The New York Times)

'The collection offers an astonishing and invaluable record of a decade of political zealotry that veered out of control and resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands.' (Publishers Weekly)

'Mr. Li's photos graphically capture the emotional pain of the humiliation inflicted by young punks on powerful men, governors and Communist Party first secretaries… Each photo is captioned with a description, and the collection is accompanied with Mr. Li's readable text describing the impact of the Cultural Revolution on his life.' (The Washington Times)

'The first complete photo history to present China's dark Cultural Revolution (1966-76) in all its inhumanity.' (Entertainment Weekly)

'This is a startling and unique perspective.' (The Christian Science Monitor)

'These images are rare and powerful reminders of events that might otherwise have been forgotten … By capturing that decade of shame and destruction, and preserving it forever on paper, Li has challenged the world never to forget.' (Reader's Digest)

'A minutely documented (the 285 prints were gleaned from the tens of thousands of negatives Li hid under his floorboards), scrupulously honest (the book orders all the prints strictly chronologically, and all are uncropped) record of the revolution.' (The Atlantic Monthly)

'With Red-Color News Soldier…Li, now 63, has brought forth an unprecedented vision of this dark chapter in Chinese history.' (US News & World Report)

'Taken at enormous personal risk, the photographs collected here depict extraordinary events…It's their unadorned straightforwardness that makes Red Color News Soldier such a profoundly disturbing document.' (Photo District News)

'[A] groundbreaking book.' (Newsweek International)

'A straightforward and open account of that era giving valuable insight into a tormented period of history.' (The Asian Review of Books on the Web)

'One of the great events of the 20th Century at last is found to have received coherent visual expression. Moreover, it's the only complete record of the Cultural Revolution known to exist. It is impossible to overrate the historical value of this densely packed volume.' (The Chicago Tribune)

'Li Zhensheng's disturbing photographs of the rise and fall of Mao's Cultural Revolution are a truly stunning achievement…A brilliant book!' (Worldview)

'…[O]ne of the most important photo books in recent memory.' (American Photo)

'Red-Color News Soldier documents the spectacular nitty-gritty of everyday totalitarian fanaticism, with pictures culled from the thousands taken by photojournalist Li Zhensheng in the mid 1960s….The trove of negatives hidden for two decades below the floorboards of his house constitute the single most extensive record of the Cultural Revolution.' (The Village Voice)

'One of the most unforgettable books of the past year…It is utterly engrossing, even when you can barely look at it.' (Slate)

About the author(s)

Li Zhensheng was born in Dalian, China, in 1940. After studying film, he joined The Heilongjiang Daily as a photojournalist in 1963 and documented the Chinese Cultural Revolution in its entirety. In 1987, a collection of 20 of his photos were released, bearing the title Let History Tell the Future, and won the Grand Prize at China's National Press Association Photo Competition. Since 1996 he has been a visiting scholar, lecturing on the Cultural Revolution at at the universities of Harvard and Princeton. His work has appeared in major magazines worldwide including Time, The New York Times Magazine, Der Spiegel, and Le Nouvel Observateur.

Jonathan Spence is Sterling Professor of History at Yale University. He is the author of a distinguished body of work on the history of modern China, including the seminal book, The Search for Modern China (1990). His book The Gate of Heavenly Peace The Chinese and Their Revolution 1895-1980 (1981) was awarded the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for History. Spence was named a MacArthur Fellow in 1988 and is established as one of the foremost experts on the history and culture of modern China.


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